Project BritainProject Britain

British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
The difference between Britain and Great Britain


Where is Britain?

Britain is part of an island lying off the western coast of Europe, comprising the main territory of the United Kingdom.

What is Britain?

Britain is the official name given to the kingdom of England and the principality of Wales. The name was made popular by the Romans when they came to the British islands.

Britain is made up of:

  • England - The capital is London.
  • Wales - The capital is Cardiff.

Great Britain is divided into small regions called counties.


Is Great Britain the same as Britain?

Sometimes people use the shorten name Britain instead of Great Britain, to mean the same thing, but really Britain only refers to England and Wales.

The name Britain goes back to Roman times when they called England and Wales "Britannia" (or "Britannia Major", to distinguished from "Britannia Minor", ie Brittany in France). The Roman province of Britannia only covered the areas of modern England and Wales. The area of modern Scotland was never finally conquered.

Origins of the names of England, Britain and the UK

England England

Why does England dominate the UK?

England | Scotland | Wales
Britain |Great Britain | United Kingdom | British Isles

Other pages on the same theme

Questions about the United Kingdom

Where is the UK?
What countries make up the UK?
What is the official title (name) of the UK?
Why is the whole of Ireland not part of the UK?
How and why was the UK formed?

Questions about the British Isles

What are the British Isles?

Questions about England

Why does England dominate the UK?

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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2014

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consultant.
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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