Project BritainProject Britain

British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Georgian Britain (Hanovarian)

By the Act of Succession of 1701, on the death of Queen Anne the throne passed to her nearest Prostestant relative. This proved to be George, Elector of Hanover german flag, the great-grandson of James I.

During this period the United Kingdom is created when Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland are formally joined under the Act of Union in 1801.

Visit our Hanovarian Monarchy page for more information about the Hanovarian Kings and Queens

Hanovarian Timeline

Georgian Britain

George 1

George of Hanover, german flag Germany succeeds Queen Anne to the Throne

1721 - 1742 Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first Prime Minister

George 211 January George I dies and is succeeded by his son George II


19 October Britain declares war on Spain

1740 - 1744 British naval commander George Anson sails around the world
1742 13 April Handel's 'Messiah' gets its first performance, in Dublin

27 June George II becomes the last British monarch to take part in a battle when he commanded the British Army at the Battle of Dettingen


23 July 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' lands in Scotland to claim the British throne
Charles Edward Stuart, or 'Bonnie Prince Charlie', was the grandson of the deposed James II.

1746 16 April 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' is defeated at the Battle of Culloden
1756- 1763 May 1756 The Seven Year War with France begins
1757 First canal in Britain is completed
1759 James Wolfe captures Quebec and adds Canada to the British Empire
Robert Clive brings India under British rule
1760 George 325 October George III succeeds his grandfather George II
1769 James Cook becomes the first European to land on New Zealand
1770 James Cook 'discovers' the south east coast of Australia, landing in Botany Bay.

'Factory Age' begins with the opening of Britain's first cotton mill


16 December Boston Tea Party


18 April American War of Independence begins

1776 America declares independence from Britain on July 4 1776
Parliament passes the Catholic Relief Act, which removes many of the traditional restrictions on Catholics in Britain.
World's first cast iron bridge built in Ironbridge, England


Industrial Revolution begins

2 - 11 June Gordon Riots break out in protest against the Catholic Relief Act
These were amongst the worst riots in English history.

1783 Steam powered cotton mill invented by Sir Richard Arkwright
1787 13 May First fleet of convicts sails to Australia
1 January First edition of 'The Times' of London is published
14 July French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille

1 February Britain goes to war with France
War continued until the final defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.


Edward Jenner invents a vaccination against small pox

1 January Act of Union creates the United Kingdom
Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and Ireland were formally joined under the Act of Union to create the United Kingdom in 1801.


The first census. Population of Britain 8 million
Ireland made part of the United Kingdom

10 March Britain holds its first census


 Richard Trevithick builds the first steam locomotive
1805 21 October Lord Nelson defeats Napoleon at the Battle of Trafalgar

25 March Britain abolishes the slave trade

1815 18 June Duke of Wellington defeats Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo
1820 George 429 January George III dies after occupying the throne for 60 years and is succeeded by his son George IV.

27 September World's first steam locomotive passenger service opens between Stockton and Darlington


June 1829 - Robert Peel set up the Metropolitan Police force

William 4

26 June George IV dies and is succeeded by his brother William IV

October - Riots break out over the parliamentary Reform Bill

4 June Great Reform Act changes parliamentary representation
The Great Reform Act made important changes to parliamentary constituencies and extended the franchise (those allowed to vote), but did not introduce parliamentary democracy or a secret ballot.


Factory Act restricts work hours for women and children
Under the terms of the act, mill owners were required to show that children up to age 13 received two hours of schooling, six days per week.


31 July Parliament passes a bill to abolish slavery in the British empire


The Poor Law set up workhouses, where people without homes or jobs could live in return for doing unpaid work.

Stuartslast pagenext pageVictoria

Prehistoric Britain BC Roman Britain 43 AD Anglo Saxon Britain 450
Viking Britain 793 Medieval Britain 1066 Tudor Britain 1485
Stuart Britain 1603 Georgian Britain 1714 Victorian Britain 1837
Modern Britain 1902 +

Roman Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two



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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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