Project BritainProject Britain

British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

What's happening this month? | Jan | Feb | Mar | Aprl | May | Jun | Jul | Aug | Sept| Oct | Nov | Dec
Follow me on Twitter
British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
What are the National identities
of the people living in Britain?

British or English - Join the discussion

Many people think that 'English' is the same as 'British'. It is not!

People who are English are from the country of England. On the other hand, British people are people who live in Great Britain (Britain) and the UK.

(You can learn about the difference between England, Scotland, Wales , Great Britain and the UK by clicking here)

All though everyone in the UK has a British citizenship they have different nationalities.

England is only one of the three countries in Britain (Scotland, England and Wales). The Scots and the Welsh sometimes get angry when they are referred to as 'English'. They do not live in England and they have their own parliaments, so why should they take their identity from England? They have their own identity.

There are often distinct differences between people living in each of the three countries in Britain. This is because different groups of people tend to develop their own customs and way of life.

British [n]  the people of Great Britain

National identity and citizenship are not always the same thing in Great Britain or the UK

Most white people born in Great Britain, although British citizens, do not regard themselves as British and prefer to state their national identity as English, Scottish or Welsh.


EnglandPeople born in England are called English or British and can say that they live in England, Britain and/or the UK. Most people in England tend to say they are British rather than English.

Slang terms sometimes used for the English include "Sassenachs" (from the Scots Gaelic), "Limeys" (in reference to the citrus fruits carried aboard English sailing vessels to prevent scurvy) and "Pom / Pommy" (used in Australian English and New Zealand English).

Flag of Scotland Scotland

ScotlandPeople born in Scotland are called Scottish or British and can say that they live in Scotland, Britain and/or the UK.
Most people in Scotland will say they are Scottish rather than British.

Flag of WalesWales

WalesPeople born in Wales are called Welsh or British and can say that they live in Wales, Britain and/or the UK. Most people in Wales will say they are Welsh rather than British.

Related pages

British or English? Read other people's views

Are the people in Britain ethnically diverse? 

What is the difference between Great Britain, England and the UK?

National Days of Britain

National Flowers / Emblems


back to the top

email© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2014

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consultant.
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Follow Mandy on Twitter

Woodlands Junior Homework Help new website