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British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Facts about Northern Ireland

Where is Northern Ireland?

Northern Ireland lies in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km²), about a sixth of the island's total area.

Northern Ireland is the second most sparsely populated part of the UK after Scotland, with 317 people per square mile (122 per square kilometre).

History Northern Ireland

In 1801 the whole of Ireland became part of the United Kingdom, with the adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

After years of civil war, Ireland became a republic in 1921. At this time, Britain negotiated with Ireland to keep the six counties in the north-east of Ireland. These six counties now make up what is known as Northern Ireland. The southern part of the island is the Republic of Ireland, or Eire.

1927 - The current name of the UK, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was adopted

Famous People of Northern Ireland

C S Lewis 1898-1963 Writer

Kenneth Branagh 1960- Actor and film director

James Nesbitt 1965- Actor

William Burke 1792-1829 Grave robber and murderer

George Best 1946-2005 Footballer

James Galway 1939- Musician

Northern Ireland is famous for ...

Giant Causeway

The Giant's Causeway

The Giant's Causeway, situated on the North East coast of Northern Ireland, is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption.

Most of the basalt columns are hexagonal in shape.

Famous Irish breweries include Guinness, Smithwicks (Kilkenny), and Harp Lager.


The Northern Ireland Assembly was established as part of the Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement). The Assembly debates and makes laws, and scrutinises and makes decisions on the work of the Northern Ireland government departments.

Devolution to the Northern Ireland Assembly and Executive was suspended in October 2002 and restored on 8 May 2007

Interesting Facts

HMS Titanic ship was built in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland.

Country Facts

National Day: 17 March St Patrick's Day
5,459 square miles (14,139 km²)
1,685,000 (Census 2001)
Capital City:
Major Cities:
Belfast, Londonderry, Lisburn, Newtonabbey, Bangor, Craigavon
Official Language:
English, Irish and Ulster Scots
Nationality : British and Irish
Anthem (song) : God Save the Queen
Main religions:
Protestant and Catholic
Pound Sterling (£)
Highest point:
Slieve Donard mountain 848 m (2782 ft),
Longest river:
River Bann 129 kilometres (80 miles)
Largest Lake:
Lough Neagh - 151 square miles (392 km²) Also the largest freshwater lake in the British Isles


Questions about Great Britain

What is Great Britain?
Is Britain the same as Great Britain?
Which countries are in Great Britain?

Find out about Great Britain next

Questions about the United Kingdom

Where is the UK?
What countries make up the UK?
What is the official title (name) of the UK?
Why is the whole of Ireland not part of the UK?
How and why was the UK formed?

Find out about the UK next

Questions about the British Isles

What is the British Isles?

Find out about the British Isles next


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© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2014

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consultant.
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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