Project Britain

The South of England

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The South Central

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Hertfordshire, Essex

A mixture of lowlands and chains of small hiils. To the west are the Cotswold Hills, while the Chilterns extend from Oxfordshire across Buckinghamshire into Hertfordshire. The rest of the region is low-lying, especially Essex. This county has marshy land along its ragged North Sea coast and along the Thames estuary.

Important towns and cities
Oxford is the largest city in the region and is home to one of Britain's oldest universities. Other important towns include Reading and Windsor in Berkshire, St Albans and Watford in Hertfordshire, and Colchester (one of England's oldest towns) and Chelmsford in Essex.

Industry and farming
Industry in Berkshire centres around Bracknell, Maidenhead, Reading and Slough, with electronics concentrated in Milton Keynes. Hertforshire is known for engineering, mostly at St Albans, Hatfield, Letchworth and Watford. The Oxford suburb of Cowly has huge car factories and was the birthplace of the classic Morris Minor. Essex has ship building at Tilbury, and an oil refinery near Canvey Island, but most of the country is farmland, with lots of fruit orchards.

The South-East - Hampshire, Kent, Ise of Wight, Surrey, East Sussex, West Sussex

Researched by Amy

The South

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