Roads and motorways are Britain's primary domestic transport routes. There are some 225,000 miles (362,000 km) of roads in Britain.
Travel by car, van or taxi is by far the most common means of transport, accounting for 85 per cent of passenger mileage in Great Britain.
Average distances travelled per person in Britain per year in 1999/2001:
- walking 189 miles (244 miles in 1985/86),
- bicycle 39 (44),
- bus 342 (406),
- train 368 (292),
- car 5354 (3796).
Source: National Travel Survey 2001
Most people in Britain travel by car. About 75% of households have at least one car.
Small white van parked in between cars
Motorcycling is popular in Britain, both as a means of transport and as a pastime with over one million motorcyclists.
A moped with an engine capacity up to 50cc can be ridden at the age of 16 with a provisional licence. The maximum legal speed a moped can be ridden is 30 mph (50kph).
A full motorcycle licence can be obtained at the age of 17 after passing a test.
Most goods are transported by roads in lorries
At the beginning of the 20th century, railway trains and canal barges were the main means of transporting heavy goods. Now around 65% are carried by lorries.
Buses and Coaches
We have single decker and double decker buses. You can see them in our towns and cities. We use coaches for travelling longer distances or for going on school outings.
The red double decker buses (pictured below) are famous all over the world. You can see loads of them in London.
A Double Decker bus for you to colour
Make a London bus out of paper
There are two main kinds of buses in London: the red double-decker and the red single-decker.
The main places a bus goes to are shown on the front of the bus. Some double-deckers have automatic doors and you pay the driver when you go in. On single-deckers you sometimes buy your ticket from a machine in the bus. Most London buses have a conductor who will come round and collect fares.
There are many sightseeing, open top, buses in London and other cities.
In London, the taxis are black but in the rest of the country they are different colours.
Black Cabs are the only taxi you can hail from the street (though they now come in other colours as well). With the "for hire" sign lit, the driver is obliged to stop for you.
A london taxis for you to colour
The rail network in Britain is one of the most extensive in Europe with over 11,000 miles (17,500km) of lines, some 2,500 stations and around 1,500 trains a day.
Britain pioneered railways.
The Stockton and Darlington railway (1825) was the first public passenger railway in the world.
The major stations in London are:
Euston, St Pancras, Victoria and Charing Cross.
"The Tube" is the name of London's underground system
The London underground railway system (or 'tube', as it is known locally) celebrated its centenary in 1990 and is internationally famous, ranking alongside the Paris metro and the New York subway. London's tube network covers the largest area of any underground rail system, with 253 miles of tracks, of which 20 miles are in shallow tunnels and 93 miles in deep tunnels. The tube runs to all areas of central and greater London, connecting all mainline stations.
When in London, "the Tube" is a great means of getting around!
Find out more about travelling on the underground
London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway, called the 'tube'. The first line was built in 1890.
The trains travel under the sea in a very long tunnel called the Channel Tunnel. The tunnel was completed in 1995 and is 50 metres below the sea bed.
Eurostar is the high-speed train service linking London, Ashford, Paris, Brussels, Lille, Avignon, Calais, Disneyland Resort Paris and the French Alps.
London to Paris - 2 hours 15 mins
London to Brussels - 1hr 51 mins
London to Lille - 1hr 20 mins
Eurostar only transports people, if you would like to take you car you have to go on the Euro Shuttle.
The "Shuttle" service joins Calais to Folkestone in 35 minutes. We drive our cars onto the Shuttle trains.
ENGLAND : There are 470 airports in England.
London has five airports : Heathrow, Gatwick, Stanstead, London City and Luton. The first three have underground connections to the centre of London and are the main London airports.
Heathrow and Gatwick Airports are the two main centres for overseas flights. London (Heathrow) Airport is one of the largest airports in the world and has two tube stations.
The number of passengers arriving and departing to or from London's airports equalled over 120 million in 2004. Heathrow handled 67m passengers, making the airport the busiest and best connected in the world.
Source; CAA, BAA
Shipping still remains the main form of cargo transport in to and out of Britain, despite the opening of the Channel Tunnel to France in 1994. The busiest sea port is Dover.
Many ferries cross the seas between England and Spain, Ireland, the Netherlands and France.
Below is some information about ferry crossings from England to Ireland, France, Isle of Wight and Holland
Dover to Calais
Once an hour - Crossing time 75min
Portsmouth to Le Havre
Once a day - Crossing time 5 to 8 hours
Portsmouth to Cherbourg
Once a day - Crossing time 7 to 10 hours
Hull to Rotterdam
Once a day - Crossing time 10 hours
Hull to Zeebrugge
Once a day - Crossing time 15 hours
Liverpool to Dublin
Twice a day - Crossing time 8 hours
Southampton to Isle of Wight
Once an hour - Crossing time 1 hour
Swansea to Cork
Once a day - Crossing time 10 hours
Photo of an Ice Cream Van
by Mike Freedman
Photo of a Fire Engine in England
by Mike Freedman