Project BritainProject Britain

British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Prehistoric Britain

The first men and women came to Britain over two and a half million years ago. They were hunters and gatherers of food who used simple stone tools and weapons. Much of Britain was covered in forests`

Year What happened in Britain The World
700,000 BC People migrate to 'Britain' from Europe.
Britain is joined to Europe (no sea in between)
Mammoth, rhino and giant beavers live in 'Britain'
Date of earliest human tools found on Suffolk coast.
130,000 BC Neanderthal Britain
The dominate human species is Neanderthal.
25,000 BC Ice Age
Northern Europe and most of modern Britain is plunged into a deep Ice Age
12,000 BC Beginning of the end of the Ice Age
Re-colonization of Britain by home sapiens.
8,500 BC Warmer climate led to the growth of forests all over Britain.  
6,000 BC Britain becomes an Island.
The land bridge joining Britain to Europe flooded as the sea level rose
4,200 BC

Farming people arrive from Europe.

First evidence of farming
Farming quickly spread all across the British Isles. Land is cleared, wheat and barley planted , and herds of domesticated sheep, cattle, and pigs raised.

3,000 BC

New Stone Age begins: farming people arrive from Europe.

First stone circles erected.

2,800 BC First phase of building Stonehenge  
2,700 BC Tools and weapons made from copper  
2,100 BC

Bronze Age begins

First metal workers
People learn to make bronze weapons and tools.
Introduction of cremation of the dead and burials in round barrows.

Beaker culture - their name is thought to originate from the distinctive beakers that accompanied their burials. They were farmers and archers. They lived in round huts (similar to the Celts) with a low stone wall for a base. The roof was made of thatch, turf, or hides.

2,000 BC Stonehenge completed  
1650 BC Trade routes began to form  
1200 BC Small Villages were first formed  
1136-1327   Pharaoh Tutankhamen rules Egypt
753   Romulus and Remus found Rome.
750 BC

Iron Age began
Iron replaces bronze as most useful metal.

Population about 150,000.

563   Birth of Prince Siddhartha Gautama. He later became Buddha
509   Rome expels kings and becomes a republic.
500 BC The Celtic people arrive from Central Europe.
The Celts were farmers and lived in small village groups in the centre of their arable fields. They were also warlike people. The Celts fought against the people of Britain and other Celtic tribes.

Next Roman Britainnext page

Prehistoric Britain BC Roman Britain 43 AD Anglo Saxon Britain 450
Viking Britain 793 Medieval Britain 1066 Tudor Britain 1485
Stuart Britain 1603 Georgian Britain 1714 Victorian Britain 1837
Modern Britain 1902 +

Roman Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two



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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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